Osteoporosis causes bones to become weak and brittle. They can become so brittle that a fall or even mild stresses such as bending over, or coughing can cause a fracture. Osteoporosis-related fractures most commonly occur in the hip, wrist, or spine.
Osteoporosis means “porous bone.” When you look at a healthy bone under a microscope, it looks like a honeycomb. When osteoporosis occurs, the holes and spaces in the honeycomb are much larger than in healthy bone. Osteoporotic bones have lost density or mass and contain abnormal tissue structure. Osteoporosis occurs when the creation of new bone doesn’t keep up with the removal of old bone.
About 54 million Americans have osteoporosis and low bone mass, placing them at increased risk for osteoporosis. Osteoporosis affects both men and women of all races. But white and Asian women, especially older women who are past menopause, are at a higher risk. Medications, healthy diet and weight-bearing exercise can help prevent bone loss or strengthen already weak bones.
Osteoporosis may limit mobility, which often leads to feelings of isolation or depression. Breaking a bone is a serious complication of osteoporosis, especially with older patients. Roughly twenty percent of seniors who break a hip die within one year from either a complication related to the broken bone itself or the surgery to repair it.
Risk factors of Osteoporosis
There are several risk factors that can increase the likelihood that you’ll develop osteoporosis, including your age, race, lifestyle choices, and medical conditions and treatments. Some other risk factors that are out of your control include: gender, age, race, family history, and body frame size.
One of the most common causes of osteoporosis pain is a spinal compression fracture. Because the spine is involved with every move that we make, it is one of the most common places for injury. Sudden, severe back pain that gets worse when you are standing or walking with some relief when you lie down. Trouble twisting or bending your pain, loss of height, and an exaggerated curved spine, called kyphosis, are all symptoms of a spinal fracture.
There are a few treatments to help with the symptoms of osteoporosis such as medication, adding in exercise, and good nutrition. If you are experiencing spinal pain, there are many different procedures to help relieve spinal pain. Twin Cities Pain Clinic offers a variety of treatments plans that are individualized for each patient.